The big change is in the curriculum

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The big change is in the curriculum

Primary curriculum has been formulated at primary to higher secondary level. Qualification based curriculum will be up to secondary level. Earlier, the primary level curriculum was 'merit-based' and the secondary level curriculum was 'objective-based'. According to the new curriculum, there will be no exams till third class. Existing fifth and eighth class public final examinations- PEC and JSC will be canceled. There will be no division in the ninth class called Science, Arts, Commerce. The SSC examination will be on the 10th class subject. HSC will be assessed in two examinations of class XI and XII. The new curriculum has the opportunity to enter ‘career-oriented’ education from the eighth grade of general and madrasa education. New topics ‘Life and Livelihood’ will be added to the textbook to build skills. If the whole curriculum is implemented, the exams will be reduced and the textbooks will be changed. Next year there will be piloting in selected schools.

This new curriculum will be implemented step by step from 2023. New books in first, second, sixth and seventh grade that year. There will be new books in 2024 in 3rd, 4th, 8th, 9th, in 2025 in 5th and 10th, in 2026 in 11th class and in 12th class next year.

Education Minister Dipu Moni told a press conference at the secretariat yesterday that Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina had approved the new curriculum. He said there would be no examinations till the third class, adding that the new curriculum had been finalized and approved by the Prime Minister. From 2023, in the new curriculum, the fifth class primary final examination (PEC) and the eighth class junior school certificate (JSC) and equivalent examinations will not be centralized. This test will be in self educational institution. Certificate will also be given.

The minister said major reforms are coming in the education system from primary to secondary. In the ninth and tenth classes, the departments of humanities, science and business education are being given up. There will be an integrated curriculum at this stage. 10 subjects have been fixed till 10th class, all of them will be read. Until now, SSC examinations were conducted according to the ninth and tenth class curriculum. The revised curriculum will have SSC and equivalent examinations based on what will be taught only in class X. Students will read optional subjects in class XI and XII. That means science, humanities, commerce will be divided from high school.

Regarding the final examination of HSC, the Education Minister said that one examination will be held at the end of each academic year on the syllabus of class XI and XII. That is what is happening in technology now. The final result will be determined by the combination of two examinations of class XI and XII.

The Education Minister said that various strategies for acquiring skills have been mentioned in this revised curriculum. It is said how much will be in the primary and how much will be in the middle while learning. We have focused on continuous evaluation as well as collective evaluation. We have shared where, at what stage there will be continuous evaluation. The outline outlines which issues will be evaluated in total. Flexibility has been introduced in the curriculum. Arrangements have been made to bring in students with physical and mental disabilities or disadvantaged and marginalized students.

It is learned that in the existing curriculum, primary level curriculum is merit based and secondary level curriculum is objective. As a result, differences in curriculum outline are observed. When promoted from one level to another, students have difficulty adapting to their studies. Many fell in the middle. The new curriculum will bridge the gap between primary and secondary education.

Regarding the new curriculum at the primary level, State Minister for Primary and Mass Education Zakir Hossain told our time that there is a problem in the existing curriculum - when primary school children go to secondary, their curriculum is also different. Now that we are thinking about the new curriculum, we have decided that there should be a bridge between the two levels of curriculum. Similarly, the National Curriculum and Textbook Board (NCTB) has been given the responsibility to prepare the curriculum.

NCTB member (primary curriculum) Professor. AKM Reazul Hasan said the previous curriculum was textbook-centric and memorized based on classroom teaching in primary level curriculum. There was a lack of proper implementation of merit-based curricula in the classroom. The allocation of time on different subjects according to importance is not appropriate. Again, a balanced reflection of knowledge, skills and attitudes in class and subject-based qualifications was not appropriate. The new curriculum has been developed keeping in view the changing global curriculum, Vision 2041, Government Election Manifesto 2018 and SDG targets.

The new curriculum will change the books and examination system, said NCTB member (secondary curriculum) Professor. Md. Moshiuzzaman. He said that there will be many changes in the learning strategy. The way memorization is going now, it will be completely absent in the new curriculum. Emphasis on experience-based learning will increase the application of students' instant talent to master the curriculum that is coming.

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